Volume 4, November 2012
Walk That Dog: The Emergence of Walking Bass Lines In Jazz

by Regan Brough


Endnotes

1 Gunther Schuller, "Walking Bass." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, online via subscription (accessed September 20, 2011).

J. Bradford Robinson, "Page, Walter," in Barry Kernfeld, ed., The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994), 218.

2 For a sample list of texts propagating this idea, see Appendix A

3 For a sample list see Appendix B

4 Ross Russell [The opening paragraphs of the next chapter . . . ] The Autobiography of Pops Foster: New Orleans Jazzman: As Told to Tom Stoddard: Interchapters by Ross Russell: San Francisco: Backbeat Books, 2005. 127-129.

Clifford Bevan, "Tuba." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, online via subscription (accessed July 24, 2012).

5 Milt Hinton. The Art of Playing the Bass: Featuring Milt Hinton Vol. 1. Produced by Ray Brown and directed by Fritz Goode, 30 minutes., Masai Films and Rayben Production, 1993, VHS, transcribed by author.

6 David Berger and Milt Hinton, Bass Line: The Stories and Photographs of Milt Hinton (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988), 31.

7 Dick Spotswood, How Low Can You Go? Anthology of the String Bass 1925-1941. Atlanta GA: Dust-to-Digital, compact disc, 2006. Both of these recordings and many subsequent recordings listed herein can be heard on this 3-disc compilation, which contains insightful essays on the bassists as well.

8 Stoddard, The Autobiography of Pops Foster, 92.

9 Ibid., 101.

10 Ibid., 92.

11 Gunther Schuller, Early Jazz: Its Roots and Musical Development. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968. 159.

12 Stoddard, The Autobiography of Pops Foster, 92.

13 Can also be readily viewed on YouTube—search "Duke Ellington—Old Man Blues"

14 Hinton, The Art of Playing the Bass, VHS.

15 Spotswood, How Low Can You Go. 76-78.

16 Ibid., 79.

17 Hinton, The Art of Playing the Bass, VHS.

18 Shipton, A New History of Jazz, 252.

19 Spotswood, How Low Can You Go. 14.

20 Shipton, A New History of Jazz, 254.

21 Stoddard, The Autobiography of Pops Foster, 59-60.

22 Bertram Turetzky, "Introduction," in The Autobiography of Pops Foster: New Orleans Jazzman: As Told to Tom Stoddard: San Francisco: Backbeat Books, 2005. xviii.

23 Alyn Shipton, A New History of Jazz. London and New York: Continuum, 2001. 255-256.

24 Turetzky, Introduction, xxi-xxii. The quotation from Pops within Turetzky's quotation is taken from an unpublished interview with Richard Hadlock, ca. 1964

25 Bill Russell and Barry Kernfeld, "Braud, Wellman." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, online via subscription (accessed November 19, 2011).

26 Walter Page, "About My Life in Music: As Told to Frank Driggs," The Jazz Review, 1, no.1 (Nov. 1958), 12.

27 Frank Driggs and Chuck Haddix, Kansas City Jazz: From Ragtime to Bebop—A History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005)

28 Schuller, "Walking bass."

29 Schuller, Early Jazz, 336.

30 Gunther Schuller, The Swing Era: The Development of Jazz 1930-1945 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), 226.

31 Gene Lees, "A Tribute to Milt Hinton: When We Were Atlas," Bass World: The Journal of the International Society of Bassists 24, no. 3 (February – May 2001), 7.

Hinton, The Art of Playing the Bass, VHS.

32 Hinton and Berger, Bass Line, 51.

33 Ibid., 51.